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    PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

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    lowergate

    Join date : 2010-11-01
    Age : 68
    Location : CLITHEROE

    PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  lowergate on Sun Aug 28, 2011 2:46 pm

    PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    The site is located on a raised section of rough moorland named Stoney Bank directly to the north of the Big End of Pendle Hill. The site affords fine views over the upper Ribble Valley with the mountains of the western Yorkshire Dales as a backdrop.

    The form is of a circular raised stone bank some 7ft in width broken only by an entry facing directly to the east towards the Heights of Wheathead and the Pike of Alainsete.

    The raised-banked ringwork has an external diameter of 72ft, and an internal diameter of 58ft. Prodding of the internal floor area with a metal spiked tool in random locations suggests a paved surface at some depth below the turf. Prodding in the centre of the circle suggested a deeper large stone lined pit. Given that the morning turned wet further investigation is needed. A look on Google Earth and Aerial photographs may prove rewarding.


    Last edited by lowergate on Mon Aug 29, 2011 3:50 am; edited 1 time in total
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    QDanT

    Join date : 2011-05-29
    Location : Earby used to be in Yorkshire

    Your wish

    Post  QDanT on Sun Aug 28, 2011 3:35 pm


    cheers cheers Danny


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    QDanT

    Join date : 2011-05-29
    Location : Earby used to be in Yorkshire

    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  QDanT on Mon Aug 29, 2011 3:11 am

    Hi John a six fig grid ref. covers a 100 yard square I wonder if you can pin-point it from these views I centred on the dark mark to the left of the green pointer (post #2) so as not to obscure view















    The more you look the more circles you can see



    whizzing or is it the wine ?
    cheers cheers Danny


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    lowergate

    Join date : 2010-11-01
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    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  lowergate on Mon Aug 29, 2011 3:56 am

    I should have said "north of the Big End of Pendle Hill" - corrected now - instead of "south" - I often get these compass points confused due to the round nature of the Earth and from drinking 'Druid's Ale' in great quantities.

    I am visiting the site again on this Tuesday afternoon - will have a walk-about

    The footpath passes the edge of the circle to the left coming from the stile above the roadway and wood at Stoney Bank.

    Thanks Danny

    john
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    QDanT

    Join date : 2011-05-29
    Location : Earby used to be in Yorkshire

    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  QDanT on Mon Aug 29, 2011 7:18 am

    Hi John I'll not know my plans till after the post Tuesday approx. 10, but if I'm not chasing paper-work, roughly where and what time would you be getting onto the Hill ? I could put any or all of the "more circles in red" from the last photo into the GPS then press "Go to" when on the Hill and indeed press for a x8 fig grid ref. to place a "Mark" when there. If I don't make it any chance of leaving a very small flag on a stick ?
    cheers cheers Danny


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    lowergate

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    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  lowergate on Mon Aug 29, 2011 11:00 am

    Hi Danny,

    I will be leaving Clitheroe about 2pm tomorrow so should be on site by 2.30, the latest 3pm

    Directions: Park by the plantation, over the stile & up though the plantation to go over wall-stile. Follow the path for some 100 yards to the high point. Here you will notice the raised banked circle.

    Hope to see you there

    I have no small red flag, so a jam jar on a stick will have to do

    john
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    QDanT

    Join date : 2011-05-29
    Location : Earby used to be in Yorkshire

    Trip report

    Post  QDanT on Tue Aug 30, 2011 12:20 pm



    Had a poke about before John and brother arrived Teddy found a boulder at 001







    John arrived and onto 002 here Johns brother decides it's a "horse shoe" shape















    a few grassed over mounds of stones about here at 003





    then over the wall to 004 where the Bear served Californian Petite Sirah







    rather than re-climb the wall it was descided to walk straight down to the motors, which provided a Bonus at 005









    the Bear hired out Tapes and digging irons







    all in all a great if somewhat wet day out, but in good company
    many thanks Danny












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    Paulus

    Join date : 2009-08-20
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    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  Paulus on Tue Aug 30, 2011 1:14 pm

    Hi Danny - Hi John!

    Looks to have been another bloody good day out. I particularly like the look of site no.2. Looks almost hengiform in nature! :<a href=\'h Pity we couldn't get over. RU planning another venture to see it in the next week or so?

    Cheers - Paul
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    QDanT

    Join date : 2011-05-29
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    Levitation

    Post  QDanT on Tue Aug 30, 2011 3:58 pm

    John - Levitationist, papist & seditionist



    cheers Danny


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    Sunbright57

    Join date : 2011-02-10
    Age : 60
    Location : Nelson - the one in Lancashire sorry to say!

    Re: PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK RINGWORK, SD 806 428

    Post  Sunbright57 on Tue Aug 30, 2011 4:05 pm

    Its all that ye olde ale that's doing it - poor John looks like he's going to be floating over Pendle or should that be.........
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    lowergate

    Join date : 2010-11-01
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    TWO NEW FINDS ON PENDLE HILL, LANCASHIRE

    Post  lowergate on Wed Aug 31, 2011 3:04 am

    TWO NEW FINDS ON PENDLE HILL, LANCASHIRE

    PENDLE HILL, (1) HORSE-SHOE BANKED ENCLOSURE & (2) DITCHED BOWL BARROW/HENGE

    PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK HORSE-SHOE ENCLOSURE (1), SD 806 428 (site re-evaluation 30/08/11)

    The site is located on a raised section of rough moorland named Stoney Bank directly to the north of the Big End of Pendle Hill. The site affords fine views over the upper Ribble Valley with the mountains of the western Yorkshire Dales as a backdrop.

    Stoney Bank is a shelf of land on the lower section of failed 18/19th century land enclose on the northern slopes of Pendle Hill and is above the line of 17th to 19th farming settlement. Even today the upper sections of the enclosures are nothing more than rough and boggy pasture fit only for rough grazing for sheep. The ‘shelf’ and the short sections down to the road are the only bits of ‘good’ pasture, so good that the ‘farmers’ here use the land as a general rubbish dump for items that would cost them money to dispose of in a legal and environmentally safe manner – so much for ‘countryside stewardship’ and the Establishment lackey bums who are employed as ‘Countryside Rangers’ at great public expense – enough! Enough of this seditious talk John, get back to the point!

    The form is of a circular, horse-shoe shaped raised stone bank some 7ft in width open at one end and facing directly to the east towards the Heights of Wheathead and the Pike of Alainsete.

    The raised-banked horse-shoe ringwork has an external diameter of 72ft, and an internal diameter of 58ft. Given the nature of the site and soil build-up the site is not contemporary with the 18th/19th century enclosures having been erected for some as yet unknown reason and purpose in a former Age.

    PENDLE HILL, STONEY BANK DITCHED BOWL BARROW/HENGE (2), SD 805 429 (site evaluation 30/08/11)

    After Danny, Phillip and I had viewed, measured and re-evaluated the above site we wandered off to field walk the Stoney Bank shelf along with the surrounding moorland enclosed lands as other sites looked probable from Google Earth, etc. – a muddy, boggy enterprise as storm clouds gathered that was eased only by a bottle of fine Californian red wine kindly provided by Danny and fine Dutch tabak.

    From a height below the Pendle escarpment at the high limit of the enclosures we noticed a raised mound in an enclosure adjacent (west) to the one the horse-shoe ringwork is sited.

    At a point SD 805 429 (Danny will put up the exact GPS with site photos) we located a well defined 60ft. diameter ditched bowl barrow/henge.

    Just below this site is an ancient well, now piped, that feeds the 17th cenury farm of Heklin, the farmstead is sited on the highest level of settlement on this side of Pendle Hill in the parish of Downham.

    Deposits of ironstone and coal bearing shales were also noted on the Stoney Bank shelf.


    Both sites are now recorded on the Lancashire Sites & Monuments Record at Preston.

    A good day all round.

    cont ... (01/09/11)

    The road below the above two sites is historically known as the ‘Lincolngate’, an ancient trans-Pennine route that ran between Clitheroe and Lincoln via Ponefract.

    The road starts below the Castle at Clitheroe, runs along Lowergate and Brookgate (now Duck Street) then follows Mearley Brook to Worston via Upbrooks. From there it runs above Downham and over Annel Cross Moor to Laneshaw Bridge beyond Colne. A moorland highway then leads to the former de Lacey estate at Stanbury near Haworth and thus on across the Pennines. This route is recorded in the early charters of Gilbert de Lacy who was granted the Hundred of Blackburnshire after the Norman Conquest.

    Befor the Conquest the Anglo-Scaninavian Thegn Leysingr, son of the Thegn Gamall, held tenure of land in the honours of Clitheroe and Pontifract. It is more than likely that this highway existed then.

    To state correctly as to the age and origins of this trackway is not an easy task. All sources agree on its ‘ancient’ nature and that during the Medieval period it formed a section of a trans-Pennine highway.

    Evidence of early human activity and extensive trade contact in the Stoney Bank vicinity of the trackway are to be found in a number of polished stone axes of Cumbrian and Welsh origin being found hereabouts. Two of these axes were actually found upon the trackway itself. These were products of the Langdale axe factories formed from the Borrowdale volcanic rock Rhyolite (relatively light in weight with a flinty appearance). These axes were important trade items and would not have been discarded lightly.



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    lowergate

    Join date : 2010-11-01
    Age : 68
    Location : CLITHEROE

    THE ROAD BELOW STONEY BANK

    Post  lowergate on Thu Sep 01, 2011 1:44 am

    THE ROAD BELOW STONEY BANK

    The road below the above two sites is historically known as the ‘Lincolngate’, an ancient trans-Pennine route that ran between Clitheroe and Lincoln via Ponefract.

    The road starts below the Castle at Clitheroe, runs along Lowergate and Brookgate (now Duck Street) then follows Mearley Brook to Worston via Upbrooks. From there it runs above Downham and over Annel Cross Moor to Laneshaw Bridge beyond Colne. A moorland highway then leads to the former de Lacey estate at Stanbury near Haworth and thus on across the Pennines. This route is recorded in the early charters of Gilbert de Lacy who was granted the Hundred of Blackburnshire after the Norman Conquest.

    Befor the Conquest the Anglo-Scaninavian Thegn Leysingr, son of the Thegn Gamall, held tenure of land in the honours of Clitheroe and Pontifract. It is more than likely that this highway existed then.

    To state correctly as to the age and origins of this trackway is not an easy task. All sources agree on its ‘ancient’ nature and that during the Medieval period it formed a section of a trans-Pennine highway.

    Evidence of early human activity and extensive trade contact in the Stoney Bank vicinity of the trackway are to be found in a number of polished stone axes of Cumbrian and Welsh origin being found hereabouts. Two of these axes were actually found upon the trackway itself. These were products of the Langdale axe factories formed from the Borrowdale volcanic rock Rhyolite (relatively light in weight with a flinty appearance). These axes were important trade items and would not have been discarded lightly.


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